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Ization in Japanese mass media Foster does an admirable job at describing a few typical y kai enabling the uninitiated eader to get a general feel for these legendary creatures describing a few typical y kai enabling the uninitiated eader to get a general feel for these legendary creatures what was so appealing to them for the Japanese of historical and present ages He highlights how they play on cultural fears anxieties and taboos illuminates how their depiction in various art forms as comical grotesue and bizarre transformed the "fear they inspired into something that can be known and laughed at " they inspired into something that can be known and laughed at explores how their presence today provides a feeling of nostalgia and a living link to a longed for past that is meaningful and elevant Perhaps the most interesting aspect of the subject is the ole of y kai in expressing the wonder and curiosity that humankind has felt worldwide through almost Every Period Of Its History Y Kai Are Both Weird period of its history Y kai are both weird us to ask Why is that the way it is and mysterious evoking in us a sense of something transcendent and otherworldly As monsters and ghosts they emind us that we are not as knowledgeable or as strong as we think we are and that there is much in the world that we do not presently and perhaps never can understand Pandemonium and Parade addresses these themes thoroughly and insightfully exploring not only the phenomenon of y kai but also the various other ways in which the Japanese have experienced the mysterious and the weird Foster also discusses how y kai have woven their way in and out of belief becoming at times mere cultural artifacts or evidence of superstition to be eradicated in the face of progress But far from evaporating in the harsh electric lights of modernity the ghosts and apparitions of Japan have become symbols of a cultural heritage used as corporate logos symbols of local tourism and emblems of A Mother and Daughter Diary of Raw Food Recipes for Beginners ruralevitalization As mentioned above Foster s book is part of a burgeoning collection of materials on Japanese folklore published in the past few years as well as into the near future Others of note to name a small few are Stephen Addiss Japanese Ghosts and Demons Gerald Figal s Civilization and Monsters Kunio Yanagita s Legends of T no and the website The Obakemono Project obakemonocom These works illuminate not only cultural truths of a particular nation but aspects of universal human experience As contemporary folklorist Kazuhiko Komatsu has said the study of folklore is culture studies a human ology that seeks to study humans and human experience through the lens of tradition Foster s Pandemonium and Parade serves to clarify that lens for an American eadership This book was very long and dense since I was very unfamiliar with the subject matter I took notes and freuently etread sections but I enjoyed it very much I now have a list of creatures to Au bagne research books to find translations of and movies to watch so I could understand the subject matter than just cursorily This book was an amazing introduction into the Japanese world of supernatural beings and their history When Michael Dylan Foster gets tenure I hope heevisits this subjectwithout the eally awful academic writing. Ntury popular media Focusing on the intertwining of belief and commodification fear and pleasure horror and humor he illuminates different conceptions of the natural and the ordinary and sheds light on broader social and historical paradigms and ultimately on the construction of Japan as a nati. .
Pandemonium and Parade Japanese Monsters and the Culture of YokaiA good books for academics who want to study about Yokai A wealth of information for those interested in the history of y kai Unfortunately this often eads like a PhD expanded into a book with ambley tangents that while often interesting in themselves aren t that fun to ead as a whole Foster s at his best when the focus is clear like in his in depth critiue of the Kuchi sake onna slit mouthed woman phenomena

OF THE 70S LIKE HIS SUBJECTS 
the 70s Like his subjects analysis the Japanese people he categorises monsters and slit mouthed woman phenomena of the 70s Like his subjects of analysis the Japanese people he categorises monsters and into a comprehensible cultural history and almost manages to move beyond this project into a less past oriented terrain in the latter chapters As it is this is an interesting examination of folklore metamorphosing through the ages I was extremely glad to see that a book like this had finally been written This book looks at the history of youkai in Japanese pop culture Though it does euire some knowledge of Japanese history it does a very good job of educating the eader about the function of at least one aspect of the supernatural in Japanese culture I m very in the middle about this book it wasn t fantastic but it also wasn t bad It s an academic ead so it can be uite dry in parts Overall I thought the information was presented uite nicely and it kept my interest enough to finish the book even though it took me uite a while I was a little disappointed as I thought it would be about specific monsters in Japanese folklore Instead it focused on the mysterious in Japan I was also very disappointed that the author used Freud uite heavily in his analysis The pace seemed to pick up a little once the author got closer to the contemporary All in all ok but I don t think I ll be eading this author any time soon Pandemonium and Parade is an interesting blend of intellectual history and folklore scholarship Foster uses major periods of Japanese history to frame his discussion demonstrating how authors of different eras approached the yokai supernatural creatures that Foster maintains are uniuely Japanese in character The study focuses on a limited set of yokai writers spanning three centuries The neo Confucian Edo period for example is epresented by the bestiaries of Toriyama Sekien whose collections of supernatural creatures parallel the encyclopedic zeitgeist of the time Examining the early Meiji period and its mania for Western style ationalization Foster focuses on the work of Inoue Enryo whose detailed studies seek to debunk and explain traditional supernaturalism often through the prism of Freudian psychology Moving into the twentieth century Pandemonium and Parade shows how yokai were increasingly used by fiction writers as expressions of nostalgia this sentiment is typified by a poignant anecdote about a tanuki a shape shifting accoon dog with a traditional love for tunnels who is un over by a train By the end of the book we see yokai being used inventively with manga artists like Mizuki Shigeru creating new characters and the encyclopedic tradition experiencing a marked ebirthFoster s study is not itself a compilation. Water sprites mountain goblins shape shifting animals and the monsters known as yôkai have long haunted the Japanese cultural landscape This history of the strange and mysterious in Japan seeks out these creatures in folklore encyclopedias literature art science games manga magazines and movie. ,