Download Ã eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB ¾ Michael TomaselloEm zg n metnin bilimsel terimlerinin T rk e kar l n n olmamas hem de m mk n oldu unca
z T rk e kullanma kayg s ndan yor BuT rk e kullanma kayg s ndan kaynaklan yor Bu metni takip etmek yor 3 y ld z vermemin sebebi de bu ngilizce metinden okumak daha sa l kl olacakt r kan s nday m Result of than 20 years of comparative experiment in apes and human psychology this book highlights the cooperative and collaborative roots of human thought and language in a manner that classical theoretical sociologists and anthropologists building and ustifiying collective concepts as they were could only have dreamt of A book of the first importance in science and moral reasoning at large Tomasello lays out a very plausible and radical theory of the phylogenetic origins of language in this highly readable and absorbing book This uestion of language s origins has implications for the essential functions of our natural languages the nature of semantic meaning and the social character of our species His theory can show that we are interconnected in a very deep manner that is not evident especially in our contemporary individualistic and materialist scientific culture I will return to this last point after summarizing the key points in
The Chapters Of Thischapters of this The basic thesis is that our natural languages evolutionarily originated in hand signing and gesture and the possibilities of semantic meaning depend on our common ground or shared background knowledge and experienced based in general cultural knowledge or individual shared e Michael Tomasello psic logo de desenvolvimento e diretor do Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology e apesar da sua investiga o n o ser na Comunica o o seu trabalho e em particular este livro Origins of Human Communication 2008 um contributo fundamental para a compreens o dauilo de ue a Comunica o feita A pergunta de partida muito simples sendo os chimpanz s reconhecidamente t o inteligentes porue ue eles n o falamContinuar a ler. Conventional communication first gestural and then vocal evolved only after humans already possessed these natural gestures and their shared intentionality infrastructure along with skills of cultural learning for creating and passing along ointly understood communicative conventions Challenging the Chomskian view that linguistic knowledge is innate Tomasello proposes instead that the most fundamental aspects of uniuely human communication are biological adaptations for cooperative social interaction in general and that the purely linguistic dimensions of human communication are cultural conventions and constructions created by and passed along within particular cultural group. This matter and I started my reading list on the "functionalists view with this book I was hoping that this book would address generativists argument against the continuity theory which "view with this book I was hoping that this book would address generativists argument against the continuity theory which book adopts For example generativists claim that communicative efficiency loses out to computational efficiency as observed in the
universal property of displacement generativists claim that theproperty of displacement Generativists claim that the of displacement taxes cognitive resources that are otherwise available and hence if language had evolved only to serve as a communicative tool we would expect linguistic operations to be performed with a minimal demand of cognitive resources I guess it s the reader s ob to connect the dots A very convincing account of how the language might have emerged from a cognitivefunctional perspective The hypothesis is that the spoken language must have developed only after there was some kind of gesture language which combined pointing and iconic gestures Although other mammals in particular apes use gestures to communicate experiments show that they all lack shared intentionality and bird view perspective on the processes they are involved in These in turn are prereuisites for recursive mind reading understanding what the others know and what they know that I know etc and even grammar each activity or process defines roles which are filled by participants A few things I found hard to believe though like that animals simply synchronize their activities without ever understanding that they have a shared goal towards which they are working together This seems to run counter to what is known about ants and bees The book description is enough to know and it is stated with greater precision than I can muster I will be reading all of this man s titles Enough
SAID KITAP OLDUK A IYI ORGANIZE EDILMI VE ISMININKitap olduk a iyi organize edilmi ve isminin n vererek sistematik bir ekilde insan ileti iminin k kenlerini sorguluyor Bununla birlikte eviri konusunda s k nt oldu unu d n yorum Bu durum E to reuest help inform others of things helpfully and share attitudes as a way of bonding within the cultural group These cooperative motives each created different functional pressures for conventionalizing grammatical constructions Reuesting help in the immediate you and me and here and now for example reuired very little grammar but informing and sharing reuired increasingly complex grammatical devices Drawing on empirical research into gestural and vocal communication by great apes and human infants much of it conducted by his own research team Tomasello argues further that humans' cooperative communication emerged first in the natural gestures of pointing and pantomiming. I estimate that the research represented
HERE MIGHT DESERVE 3 OR EVENmight deserve 3 or even stars but author has not wrung very readable text out of the author has not wrung a very readable text out of the main idea I ve gotten from the first three chapters is that the distinguishing feature of human communication is that we understand cooperation in a way that the beasts do not The author is at great pains to show that the sounds made by animals which alert their fellows their conspecifics as the text insists on calling them are reflexive rather than deliberate The primal unit of communication which leads to language the author argues is POINTING at something which we understand from our fellow humans means that there is something of benefit at the other end of the arrow because we understand the intention of the gesture as charitable He uotes study after study demonstrating that chimpanzees simply don t get this idea even after educational efforts And dogs which have been trained to point for the benefit of humans and indeed can communicate with familiar humans in other meaningful ways domestication don t point for the benefit of other dogsI d follow this line of reasoning farther in the direction it points if the text were inviting I teach this book at the University of Tehran for my course on Human Communication this book actually revolutionized teaching human communication After attending this course the whole thinking system of my students change I have also translated this book into Persian Excellent and original book on language in which he designates the sharing of intentions as its central hallmark If Chomsky s discontinuity view lies on an end of a spectrum this book argues for an idea that lies on the opposite end I appreciate that the arguments put forward in this book are experimentally backed which leaves little room for conceptual proposals It s good to read about opposing views on language evolution I have read a great deal of what the formalists had to say about. Human communication is grounded in fundamentally cooperative even shared intentions In this original and provocative account of the evolutionary origins of human communication Michael Tomasello connects the fundamentally cooperative structure of human communication initially discovered by Paul Grice to the especially cooperative structure of human as opposed to other primate social interaction Tomasello argues that human cooperative communication rests on a psychological infrastructure of shared intentionality No Way Home joint attention common ground evolved originally for collaboration and culture generally The basic motives of the infrastructure are helping and sharing humans communicat.